Continuing Education for Nurses - Gait Examinations
How are Your Patients Walking & What Does It Mean?
In addition to the routine foot care you'll provide as a foot care nurse, you can make a big difference in the lives of at-risk patients in other important ways. By the end of this video, you'll be able to look at gait differently and identify abnormalities in gait quickly and effectively, an important skill that will help you make definitive recommendations to help your patient walk more comfortably and have a better quality of life.
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We'll begin this CE nursing video by studying the basics of gait, starting with the gait cycle and what tasks each portion of the gait cycle is responsible for. Because it is so complex and involves so many parts of the body, gait can be disrupted by many many pathologies. We'll learn to identify key events in the gait cycle, and uncover the major points for direct observation of gait including cadence and stride. In addition, you'll get a better idea of which muscles become active during the various portions of the gait cycle, and the various parts of the body involved in gait - besides just the feet, such as shoulders, trunk, pelvis and ankles.
Gait can be impacted by so many different factors, some of which are congenital and some the result of injury or comorbidity. Gait abnormalities originate in the brain, the muscle, the joints and the bone, and in this video, we'll touch upon various abnormalities that can result in abnormal walking patterns, such as excessive pronation, acetabular anteversion and external tibial torsion.
The term "gait abnormality" is broad, so we'll also learn about the four most common types of compensations you should be able to identify when seeing patients and assessing them for the first time. Understanding how patients compensate will be a critical tool in your nurses' examination toolkit, as it will help you to refer the patient correctly or recommend the right products the first time, such as properly fitting shoes, pads or inserts.